Iran covers 1,648,195 Sq km of the world in southwestern Asia. 

The strategic position of Iran, its vast resources, including petroleum, natural gas, and mines, its population amounting to 82 million, and its unique culture, has made it a country of high caliber.

The history and geography of Iran have worked together, hand in hand, for its past, present, and future benefits. Although, because of those two factors, Iran has suffered from natural disasters or many invasions through time. However, with the combination of Yin and Yang, we live in the Land of Four Seasons and 26 UNESCO World Heritage sites.

As a summarised introduction, the northern coastal region with dense forest, southern coasts with mangrove forest, green and vast plains of Azerbaijan, deserts with their mysterious calmness and bright skies, lakes such as Urmia, Hammun, Parishan, and Zarivar, snow-clad mountains ranges of Alborz and Zagros are among the beauties of nature. In one season, in one month, even in a week, you could experience various landscapes and climates in Iran.

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Iran’s multifaceted climate varies from subtropical to subpolar. It is mild and humid in the Caspian Sea region and warm and humid in the southern shores. The north-western and north-eastern areas are cold and dry, while the central part has a desert climate, hot and dry. 

The heights of Zagros and Alborz have mild weather in summer. The Land of Four Seasons means one can go skiing in the northern mountains and swimming in the southern waters, or explore the desert, in the same season.

The Wildlife of Iran -as we have written about it thoroughly in its blog- includes leopards, bears, mouflon, ibex, Persian zebra, and wild boars. Studies have revealed the presence of a noticeable wide variety of reptiles like crocodiles and turtles. Some 200 species of fish live in the Persian Gulf. Sturgeon is one of 30 species found in the Caspian Sea.  

Iran is the cradle of human civilization. Historians say there are not many civilizations with a golden age in their mythology. A substance that enriches a nation and influences others, like Greece, China, and Iran. In the late 4th and early 3rd millennia, BC Elamite civilization rose in Khuzestan, in the South-west of Iran Plateau. In the late 2nd millennia BC, the Aryans sat foot in the plateau and named it Iran. 

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By the mid-9th century, BC two groups of Iranians rose to be the dominant force on the plateau: The Medes and the Persians. In 550 BC, the Achaemenid kings emerged on the international scene of history. The Parthian and Sassanian dynasties ruled Iran successively. In 625, the Arab armies cast aside the Sassanid dynasty, and the vast majority of Iranians, converted to Islam.

The Tahirid dynasty was the first independent Iranian Muslim dynasty established in Iran (821–873). The Saffarid dynasty, Samanids, and the Buyids also made remarkable attempts to make Iran proud. In 1216 the Mongols invasion ruined Iran and burnt it to the ground. 

The Safavid dynasty (1501-1736) made a whole country after many centuries. They unified all Iran and established a strong government, and Iran appeared on the international map again.

The Afsharids and Zands were the dynasties that ruled Iran successively in the 18th century. The 19th century, when the Qajar House took the throne, was when Iran lost one-third of its perfect lands. Many events, both internal and external, caused it to fall into decay. Iranians had enough of all of the dictatorship of Kings. They started a movement that brought them to the Constitutional Revolution, the first election, and members of parliaments.

In 1925, after the deposition of the last Qajar shah, Reza Khan shifted the sovereignty to himself. He became King and Iran moved toward modernism.

However, in the reign of Reza Shah and his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, moderation, as much needed it was, did not go according to localization. Though Iran had a parliament with elected members, it was the king who wore the crown. 

The west was taking advantage of the Oil fields of Iran until Dr. Mohammad Mosaddegh, the prime minister at the time, nationalized Oil. West stopped supporting the Shah and left him alone. The dictatorship raised uprises against the Pahlavi family. It was the end of the Monarchy.

The 1979 Revolution changed everything in Iran, a bright future government by the people for the people faced a tragic eight years of war with Iraq. After that, it was time to build everything again, like how our ancestors built Iran after the Mongols invasion.

The long-story-told-short of Iran, its nature, and its background are for you to know that you are not dealing with one tribe or only one epoch. We have many ethnic tribes, many cultures, many languages as we are politically different. There is much to explore myth, philosophy, science, literature and art, monuments and landscapes, people and cuisine, all under one flag, all under one name; Iran.

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