Bandar-e Bushehr is also called Bushehr port city and capital of Bushehr province, southwestern Iran. It is beside the head of the Persian Gulf at the northern end of a flat and narrow peninsula that is connected with the mainland by tidal marshes. During the reign of Nader Shah when he established a naval base there in 1734 to control the periphery of the Persian Gulf, Bushehr rose to prominence in Iran. In the 1780s the English and Dutch East India companies transferred their trading posts to Bushehr from Bandar-e ʿAbbas another port city in Iran. It became the seat of a British political resident in the 19th century and of several European consulates. This city has commercial importance declined with the development by the Iranian government in the 1960s and ’70s of Khorramshahr as the principal port for the Persian Gulf. Bushehr continues to serve as a port, though it is eclipsed by Bandar-e ʿAbbas and Bandar-e Khomeyni (formerly Bandar-e Shahpur). Bushehr after Bandar Abbas is the second main naval port of Iran. Recently, Bushehr also has come back in the spotlight for below main reasons:
Kharg Island (Khark Island)
During and after the Iran-Iraq war, Iran’s major petroleum exporting ports in Khuzestan sustained damages so severe that the second port in Kharg Island was selected to carry on the major responsibility of Iran’s petroleum exports, though even Kharg was not immune from Iraqi air raids.
Bushehr Nuclear Reactor
The Bushehr Light water PWR Nuclear Reactor, designed by Siemens AG, built by the Russians, is Iran’s first Nuclear Power Plant reactor.
The industrial corridor of Assalouyeh
More than 70,000 foreign engineers and technicians are currently working in this industrial zone 270 kilometers south of the provincial capital. This zone is where the nearby famous South Pars Gas Field is located, where Iran has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in infrastructure. The South Pars Gas Field is the largest natural gas field in the world.
Land of Friendly People
Bushehr province is located in the southwest of Iran on the shores of the Persian Gulf. The province has both sandy and rocky seaside. common water sports like boat riding, swimming and water skiing are very popular. Another entertaining activity is accompanying fishermen hunting oysters and corals. There are also many beautiful islands like Khark, Kharkou, Sheif, Abbasak, Nakhilou, Om Ol-Karam, Mattaf, Morghi, and Tahmadou Cheraghi. The ethnic makeup of Bushehr province consists of Arabs, Lurs, and Behbahanis. These people, however, have created a specific ethnic identity of their own. Almost all people speak a local dialect. The Arabic language is also spoken in Kangan harbor and the islands of Asaluye and Shiel. Peculiar local dances are common in the province, similar in style to African and Arabian dances. these include Zarif, Kurayi, and Latifi dances. local people also hold special ceremonies that are specific to the region.
Historical Section of Bushehr
If you want to touch and feel the historical place in Bushehr, you could visit these places. This intact area is one of the historical attractions and ancient parts of the southern cities of Iran that has many fans. The historical section of Bushehr is located near the city center.
This temple is located close to the village of Khormuj in the Dashti town region. The tower is inspired by Sassanid Architecture and was built probably in the Seljuk era. The structure is one of the most magnificent monuments of the Bushehr Province.
Siraf city is located in the southeast of Bushehr city. it contains three important docks; they are called Taheri, Kangan, and Dair. Based on historical documents and archeological findings, Siraf port was one of the most important ports of the Sassanid era. It was also the key economic and political port of the Persian Gulf until the early centuries of the Islamic period. It was an important connecting port linking Iran to China, Iraq, India, and Africa. Due to its strategic position, it was also used by ancient Elamite kings.
Palace of Cyrus the Great
This palace is located southeast of the town of Borazjan on the banks of the Khoshk river (Ardi River). considering the style of architecture, the archaeologists believe this palace belongs to the time of the Achaemenid dynasty. The palace proves the importance of Borazjan during the Achaemenes era.
Bazaar of Bushehr
Completely like the other bazaars in other cities of Iran, this old complex is the main center of trade, shopping, and prosperity of the city. The foundation of the bazaar, with its beautiful and spectacular architecture, dates back to the Qajar era. The architects have built the bazaar in a particular way that it lets pleasant light into the building, but prevents the penetration of snows or rain at the time of precipitation.
Grave of General
The attacks by the British and other colonialists have left their traces in this city forever. Some of them are English borrowed words, architectural styles, and the grave of General. This tomb is the burial place of one of the British commanders who lost his life during the invasion of southern Iran. Iranian army killed the British General in 1856 at the Herat War. By 2011, it was situated within a cemetery, but the area was later converted into a park.
Mir Mohammad Hanifi, Sheikh Sa’dun Mosque, Masih-e Moghaddas (holy Christ) Church in Bushehr, Bardastan and Mir Eram shrine in Dashti, Shah Mohammad and Soleyman shrines in Geneva. Below, some places described:
Sheikh Sa’dun Mosque
This old mosque is also known as the Shah Mosque and the Kufi Mosque. According to the witnesses, a Saudi person ordered the construction of this mosque. Today, Iranians hold the famous ceremonies of Taziyeh in the Sheikh Sadon Mosque. Taziyeh is a Shi’ite ritual that commemorates the death of Imam Hussein, in this mosque.
Church of the Holy Christ
It could regard a very interesting example of architectural techniques in Iran. All windows have Iranian flashy and colorful glasses and are a mixture of Christian and Iranian architectural symbols.
Ahrom and Amir Ahmad Ghucharak hot springs in Tangestan, Niku and Gonuyeh hot Waters in Dashti, Mianlu hot springs in Kangan, and Helleh lagoon in Genaveh are amongst natural attractions of the province.