About Chaharmahal Va Bakhtiary
Chaharmahal Va (and) Bakhtiary province with 16532 sq. km. This Province is located at the center of the Zagros Mountains, between the Isfahan mountains and Zagros internal mountains. This province is limited to Isfahan from the north and the East, from the west to Khoozestan province, from the south to Kohkilooyeh and Boyer Ahmad, and from the Northwest to Lorestan province. This Province has various climates. The rains are mostly affected by Mediterranean flows. These flows come from the west and the southwest and have an effect of about 8 months on the region. Usually, the rain begins in October and then in January it will go to the top and last May it will decrease.
The Zayandeh Rood is one of the main and most important rivers of the central plateau of Iran. The same has come to be known by this name, due to the various gushing springs on its course, that is from its source to the mouth. This river takes its source in the northeastern front of Zard Kooh -e-Bakhtiari in the vicinity of Cheshmeh Deymeh and flows to the marshes of Gavkhoony.
Also, alongside the banks of this river, in the city of Esfahan and near the Zaman Khan Bridge (between Isfahan and Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiyari), can be considered as an excellent spot for recreational purposes.
Of Zayanderood from Saman to Qaraqvsh (near Zayanderood dam) which has wonderful scenery and eye-catching combination of river, lush gardens side of the road and there is clean air. The route due to favorable climatic conditions in the collections recreational Zaman Khan Bridge at about 9 months of the year and close access to the province and the cities of Isfahan has always been of interest to tourists.
Rafting in roaring waves is one of the fascinating branches of tourism which attracts more and more fans every day. Rafts have been the simplest form of water transport and thousands of years ago they were used to move people and loads. In rafting, passengers get on special sailing boats and they move along the river and watch the scenery, villages, forests, and mountains and enjoy the roaring waves.
Nowadays, this exciting activity has become one of the entertaining activities of youth and families around the world. In Iran also there are many rivers suitable for rafting which even attract foreign tourists. Zayanderood is the best destination for river rafting in Iran.
Sleeping Beauty of Zagros
The province is located in the southwest of Iran among the Zagros Mountain range. these mountains are the main source of water for rivers, springs, and underground water reserves. two large rivers of Karun and Zayande-Rud originate from the mountains of this province. The climate and geographical features have made this land a perfect place for nomadic life, especially in its western parts. Nomads wander looking for fresh pastures because their economy is based on husbandry. The people of the eastern parts of the province are mostly farmers. The plant life includes forests and lawns. The forests are mainly located in Bazaft, Lordegan, Ardal, Durhan, and Falard regions.
Music and poetry are ways of entertainment in nomad’s everyday life. The musical pieces of Bakhtiari tribes are known as Beit. The local musicians are called Toshomali. Musical instruments include Korna, Persian oboe, reed, drums, and dulcimer. On special occasions, men and women dance together. They have different kinds of dances which are called Arusi, Dastmal, Aram, Tond, and Mojasameh. common handicrafts of this province are carpet weaving, felt making, hat making, Drugget weaving, coarse blanket weaving, and lock making. People of this province are Ghashghais, Bakhtiari Lurs, and Persians. each group speaks its language.
This historical Tunnel is located near the Chelgard area. It was created to link the water resources of Kuhrang to the Zayande-Rud river. Some historians believe this tunnel was built during the Sassanid era in the 3rd and 4th centuries CE, but others believe it was built by Shah Abbasi of the Safavid dynasty.
This lagoon which is one of the largest and most beautiful lagoons of the province encompasses an area of 2300 hectares with a depth of 1.5 meters. To the southwest of this lagoon lie Kelar Mountains, which bestow a unique beauty to the sceneries of the area. It has a humid climate with temperate summers and cold winters.
Sardab and Deimeh Springs
Sardab spring is located near the Sarab region and Deimeh Spring lies near Chergerd area. Because of high mountains and heavy snow and rainfalls, many springs flow throughout this province.
Alternatively called Sulejan, the lagoon is a natural habitat for different species of birds and encompasses an area of 8 square kilometers with a changing depth of about one meter.
Stone lion statues
In Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiari province, especially among the Bakhtiari tribes, there is a tradition of using a stone lion as the gravestone for heroes and fallen soldiers. weapons like swords, arrows, etc would also be carved on the graves.
Sar Agha Seyed and Deh Cheshmeh Caves
As there are many limestone mountains, we can see quite a lot of caves in this area. Springs naturally flow from many of them. in Pirgar cave which has not been fully explored, there are 10 flowing springs. The most important cave of this province is called Agha Seyed Isa in Bidgol which is accessible from Farsan town. this is a long narrow cave with a small lake in the middle. Local people respect this cave as a holy place.
This resort which is rich in lawn and springs is located near the town of Farsan and is a suitable place for tourists to spend their time relaxing and visiting different sights.
The most important historical attractions in Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari are castles of Dazk, Asadiyeh, Jonghan, Chalshtar, and Zaman-Khan bridge in Shahr-e Kurd.
Choghakhor, Gandoman, and Sulegan lagoons in Borujen, (attracts migrant birds during the migration). Ski resorts of Sorshjan in Shahr-e Kord. the ski resort of Chelgro, and Anar fall in Farsan and Atash-Gah fall in Ardakan.
The Shrine of Imam Hamzeh Ali is in Borujen. The Atabakan Mosque, shrines of Imam Halimeh, Hakimeh Khatun in The Shar-e Kord. shrine and mosque of Imam Farsan are in the city of Farsan.