Iran has a beautiful and unique nature and the diversity of Iran’s climate has made many valuable sceneries. Iran Caves as a feature of Iran’s nature is magnificent.
As caves were human’s first haven, they always come with mysterious wonderments. Iran caves are no exception to this concept.
In this blog, we have tried to present Iran’s greatest caves for those who seek to explore within the mountains.
Katale Khor Cave
Katale Khor is located in Khodabandeh city of Zanjan province. This cave is located in the low stoops of the Zanjan mountains, so you must hick a little.
Katale Khor is one of the most beautiful and largest Iran Caves, which has three floors. Because the mountain blocks the sunlight, the cave has been named after this feature “the Sun Devourer”.
To enter the cave, you have to cross a corridor of 4000 meters. The roof of this vestibule is short and has led to several others. The long corridor of the cave and its short roof made it possible only for professional cavers to visit.
The vestibule reaches a corridor that is full of uphills and dry pits. In the end, this corridor leads to a large hall where there are beautiful stalactites, stalactites, and columns.
Some studies conducted by geologists in Katale Khor Cave show that the end of this Cave reaches Ali Sadr Cave in Hamadan.
Ali Sadr Cave
Ali Sadr is one of the most famous Iran Caves attractions in western Iran and one of the water caves, which is located in Ali Sadr village 75 km northwest of Hamadan.
There is a river in Ali Sadr Cave, which reaches a depth of 14 meters and the maximum height of the space inside the cave is 40 meters.
One of the interesting features of Ali Sadr Cave is its climate. The air inside the cave is cooler in summer and warmer than outside in winter.
The possibility of boating in the depths of the cave and the 11 km length of Ali Sadr has made this beautiful cave one of the rarest water caves in the world.
In different parts of the cave, you can see lakes and waterways that are very clear and odorless. This means that if you are sitting in a boat, you can easily see the depth of the water and the floor of the cave. According to studies, the water of Ali Sadr Cave is supplied from underground springs and there is no animal life in it.
Shapur I Cave
Shapur I Cave is located in Kazerun at the end of Tang-e Chowgan in Fars province. Bishapur and Tang-e Chowgan are two important sites of the Sassanid dynasty in Iran.
The reason naming this cave after Shapur I one of the greatest kings of the Sassanid dynasty is the existence of a seven-meter statue of Shapur at the beginning of the cave.
Shapur I Cave is located inside the mountain and its height is 15 meters. In addition to the statue of Shapur, there are hand-made crypts on the left side of the cave’s entrance.
Shapur Cave is divided into three parts. The first part is very smooth with a length of 80 meters and most visitors can visit this part. At the end of this section is a precipice with large niches on both sides.
The walls next to these niches are polished, which seems to be prepared for masonry. The third part of this cave also consists of two reservoirs that can be seen together on a rock at the left end of the cave. These reservoirs were filled with water droplets, which in the past were used as a source of water for the people.
Quri Qala Cave
This magnificent cave is located northwest of Ravansar, Kermanshah province, and is one of the longest caves in western Asia. Also, this cave is the largest water cave in the Middle East.
This large blue cave dates back to 65 million years ago. Quri Qala Cave is one of the seven registered national natural monuments of Iran. The temperature in Quri Qala varies between 7 and 11 degrees Celsius, which is usually stable throughout the year.
The length of the Quri Qala cave is 12 km and the depth of the pools in it reaches 14 meters. Tourists experience indescribable tranquillity in the underground world by walking among the beautiful halls of this cave.
Sahulan which is located in West Azerbaijan province in Kurdish means ice. There are also many pigeon nests around Sahulan Cave, which is why the locals call it “Kone Koter”, which means “pigeon nest” in Kurdish.
Sahulan cave has two openings, both of which are located on the south side of the cave.
There are some important tips for visiting Sahulan such as that when entering the cave, there is an unpleasant smell of sulfur with a lot of moisture, which may bother you a little. Then there is the matter of the cave’s low temperature. So it’s cold always.
For the rivers inside the cave, there are rowing boats for tourists to visit, through which they could visit other parts of the cave. The first lake of Sahulan cave is 200 square meters and its water is clear.
Dengezlu Cave is located in the western part of the Zagros mountain range and near Dengezlu village of Semirom in Isfahan Province.
This beautiful village is more than a hundred years old. Experts believe that Dengezlu’s excellent geographical location has provided a kind of natural protection against attacks by foreign tribes and natural disasters.
In the past, the water of this cave was mostly used for emergencies and it is very cool and pleasant.
Inside Dengezlu Cave, there are various halls, large, and small water springs.
Many cavers consider Dengezlu a living museum of geological phenomena. There are large halls and seven different lagoons in this Cave, which beauties it more.
70 km northwest of the city of Divandarreh in Kurdistan province and on a high cliff, there is a very beautiful and amazing cave.
The name stands for the effort of early women and men who built this haven without the proper advanced tools.
Karaftu Cave dates back to the third geological period. This cave was used as a place for human habitation in the past, so the inner body of the cave has undergone many changes to be ready for human life.
For this reason, if you visit Karaftu, you will see a large number of nested rooms, winding corridors, and halls. Detailed carvings of human, animal, and bird figures can be found in this cave.
At the door of a room on the third floor, there is a Greek inscription about the Heracles. It is written in the inscription that this is the house of Heracles, whoever enters it is safe.
As we mentioned, these are some of Iran Caves. Professional cavers could seek more and Iran would offer whatever they want.