Today, saffron is known as a versatile plant that has been used all over the world.
The red stigmas of the saffron flower are located among its purple petals, and if your hand touches it, its fragrance will remain for several days.
Saffron is a plant that grows through saffron bulbs. The bulb of this plant has a brown straw that protects it. After the bulb is planted, it begins to grow and form a stem at the end of which a bud is formed.
After flowering, you will encounter a purple flower with 6 beautiful petals that protect the 3 red stigmas. These three red stigmas are the same delicious substance that is prepared with great effort.
Regarding the other name of saffron in the sources, it is said that saffron or Zaffron is Arabic or modified “Zarparan”, it is also an ancient Persian word for the saffron plant “Kurkum.”
Although there are some doubts about the origin of saffron, by examining the history of saffron, we conclude that the place of origin of saffron in Iran. At present, about 80% of world saffron production belongs to Iran.
The provinces of Khorasan Razavi and South Khorasan have the largest share in the production of Iranian saffron with an 85% share. Qaen County saffron is one of the highest quality saffron produced in the country and Qaen County is known as the saffron capital of the world.
Saffron has compounds that distinguish this valuable plant from other plants. The quality of saffron is measured through these compounds in laboratories. The higher the percentage of these compounds, the higher the quality of saffron and therefore has a greater impact on the properties of saffron.
Before we get into the details of saffron, it is good to tell in short what saffron is useful for so far:
Anti-depressants, reduce pain, prevent hair loss, improve respiratory health, improve heart health, improve mental health, improve skin health, strengthen the digestive system and increase intelligence.
These days, due to the prevalence of diseases such as depression and careful scientific study of this disease, we realize that due to the increasing pressures of life, sometimes the part of the human brain that is responsible for secreting hormones of happiness and joy is depressed and does not work with its heart and soul.
One of the most important factors in the treatment of depression are certain hormones that are responsible for neurological control. These hormones are called dopamine and serotonin.
In a comprehensive study, scientists concluded that saffron can positively control these two hormones and help a depressed person recover faster and taste happier.
But another basic need of the body that brings a lot of mental health to a person is adequate and proper sleep. One of the most common symptoms of depression is disruption of the sleep cycle in humans.
Sleep is not an activity for us, but it can greatly affect our health. When the sleep clock is disturbed, it means that the body clock is disturbed and the disturbance of this clock causes dysfunction of body parts.
Although the cause of sleep disturbance can have different causes, saffron can help you experience a better and deeper sleep by influencing factors such as peace of mind, adjusting the body clock, refreshing the body.
As cancer is yet another spreading disease and although consuming saffron during a month has a special rule, but using this plant regularly helps to prevent cell mutations and cancer.
Also, the growth of many cancerous tumors with saffron is stopped and the treatment process is improved. By controlling the production of free radicals and by strengthening the body’s immune system, cancer is spontaneously controlled and inhibited.
The first time saffron was used, no one thought that this small flower would be so useful.
It should be said that the healing properties of saffron include the following as well:
It has also been shown to be effective in treating high blood pressure and blood sugar. Also, women who suffer from menstrual irregularities or have painful menstruations can recover by consuming saffron in time.
Diabetes can be controlled and prevented by consuming this plant. Gout can be treated with this flower. Saffron helps to improve men’s sex life. People who suffer from bad stomach and abdominal pain can get rid of this complication by consuming saffron.
The body needs to adjust by consuming a lot of cold food, which saffron does well.
Cold may manifest itself with urticarial, which saffron helps to cure. Sleep disorders, urinary disorders, and memory disorders can be eliminated with the help of this colorful and fragrant plant.
This plant with its warm and dry nature is the best detoxifier. There is a simple treatment for MS and that is saffron treatment. Saffron can be used to treat infertility. Helps improve metabolism and leads to increased metabolism and weight loss.
Iran is the largest producer and exporter of saffron in the world with an annual production of 330 tons and an export of 280 tons. Meanwhile, the provinces of Khorasan Razavi and South Khorasan with a share of 85% have the largest share in the production of Iranian saffron.
Saffron is cultivated in some other provinces of the country, including North Khorasan, Yazd, Golestan, Hamedan, Fars, and Isfahan, where the share of saffron production, in general, is less than 10%.
From the quantitative point of view of Torbat Heydariyeh in Khorasan Razavi province with a sub-ship area of 7500 hectares of saffron among all producers of this product, the first rank of production in the drawer has Saffron of Ferdows, Sarayan and Qaen are considered as one of the highest quality saffron produced in the country.
Gonabad saffron has also been registered in the FAO as a world agricultural heritage due to its traditional planting and irrigation with aqueduct water.
Recently, the development of saffron cultivation and production in northern Khorasan has increased so that from 343 hectares with a production of about 6 Tons in 2007 reached the level of nine thousand 850 hectares and production of about 29 tons this year.