Hamadan is one of the oldest continually inhabited towns, center of civilization and constantly capitals of different periods through years. Hamadan is the capital of Hamadan province. It is 400km to the southwest of Tehran. It has been the capital of the Medes. Herodotus states that the king of media Diokes built the city of Ekbatana in the 700 B.C.E. Hamadan has been the residence of Achaemenian kings, summer resort of the Parthians, Sassanians. It has mild climate in summer and cold winters.
Abu Ali Sina known to the west as Avicenna the great Iranian scientist, philosopher, and physician lived in Hamadan. He passed away in 1307. A large mausoleum built over his tomb in 1952. The grave of Aref-e Qazvini, a famous poet is also located in the yard. A sculpture made of monolithic white marble stone of Avicenna is installed to the east of the mausoleum. Actually it is a nice place for a tourist to visit.
Mausoleum of Baba Taher
Baba Taher a mystic poet contemporary of Avicenna, he died in 1019 A.D. He was living in the first half of the 11th century. The mausoleum covers an area of 8965 Sq.m, which is one of the most important attractions with the magnificent flowers and winding paths surround it.
Gonbad-e Alavian (Alavian Dome)
It is a four-sided mausoleum belonging to 12th century, Seljuq era. The building at first has been a mosque, but later a crypt added to it and changed into the Alavi family tomb. The reason for naming this place to Alavian dome is, in the past there has been a dome which destroyed during the passage of time.
Borj-e Qorban (Qorban Dome)
Situated in the eastern part of the city. It is twelve-sided tower. In fact this bulding is the tomb of Hafez Abul-Ala, who was the expert in syntax, Hadith (various reports have been quoted of Islamic holy prophet and Imams), and the literature. In 1934 during the renovation of the tower, were found the gravestones of Seljuq rulers, in a crypt.
On the slopes of mount Alvand, 5km southwest of Hamadan the oldest Achaemenian rock carving including two big inscribed panels set in the rock. The place is known as Gang Nameh (Treasure book). Inscriptions are written into three languages, old Persian, Elamite, Babylonian. The texts are translated into Persian and English.
Ali Sadr Cave
The cave is located in Ali Sadr village, 75km to the north-west of Hamadan. This is one of the wonderful natural sights in Iran, it was discovered in 1963 by Iranian mountaineers studies on the cave showed than, primitive man used the cave as their residence. The cave is the biggest water cave in the world.
Shrine of Esther and Mordecai
Esther, the Jewish Queen of Susa and wife of Xerxes and Mordecai, her uncle have been buried in a mausoleum, in the center of the Hamadan, Shariati street.
Shir-e Sangi or the stone lion is a statue in the square of the same name. It is attributed to Parthian era.