Kerman Province in Iran
This Province is located in the South-Eastern of Iran and covers an area of over 182,000 square kilometers, and could regard this province as the largest province in Iran. The capital city of Kerman province is Kerman. This city is the most developed and largest city in the Kerman Province and the most major city in South-East Iran. Regarding the historical aspect of Iran, Kerman is one of the five historical cities of Iran. On other hand, from the industrial, political, cultural, and scientific points of view, it is the most important city in the southeast of Iran.
The reason that Kerman is famous, is due to its long history and strong cultural heritage. It has special geographical conditions in which Kerman province enjoys a considerable, changeable climate, and the average temperature during the months of March-June has been recorded as 20°-25°C. if you want to travel to Kerman, March and June are the most suitable for traveling and tourism. It should not forget that to mention which Kerman is Iran’s major exporter of pistachio nuts.
Kerman province is home to hardworking, patient, and hospitable people, and maintains a diverse climate and attractive culture and art. It is interesting to know that while this province maintains warm and cold climates in its different regions, one region of Kerman Province may maintain a cold climate, and also another region of the province could be very warm. It made this region and province astonishing!
Kerman is one of the prominent and poles of mines in Iran, given its diverse metallic and non-metallic mineral sources. The Kerman province is ranked first in Iran concerning the diversity and importance of its mines. The most major mines of this province include copper, coal, iron ore, chromite, lead, zinc, titanium, and manganese mines.
At Last, it is good to know the residence of people in Kerman Province dates back to the 4th millennium BC and it is also one of the most ancient regions in Iran. Over time, it has accommodated valuable historical and cultural treasures which portray its historical process and economic and social existence.
Land of Pistachio Orchards
Kerman is an ancient land with mirages, burning sun, and hardworking people. Here you can touch the stars at nighttime. As mentioned above, Kerman is located in the southeastern area of Iran and this land is reputable for its hard-working carpet weavers. Here silence of the desert breaks, as the wind blows through pistachio and palm tree gardens. Here we have people, who have first extracted copper from the heart of stone and created fascinating works of art out of their artistic instinct. Jiroft, Shah Dad, and Tale Eblis are prehistoric traces of civilization in the region. In Kerman, Muslims in mosques, Zoroastrians in fire temples, and Jewish people in synagogues all worship God and live peaceful lives together.
Clay Citadel of Bam
Also called Arg-e Bam, the site holds the largest clay structure in the world. This castle is located northeast of the modern city of Bam, but once it was the main city. It used to be surrounded by gardens, farms, and residential lands from three sides. There is a huge protecting wall with a large channel behind it, keeping the enemy away from this structure.
The main structural materials used in Bam citadel are mud and straw, clay and in some parts bricks, palm tree timbers are also used. This castle has different parts, an entrance gate, a public residential section, a soldier’s house, and the ruler’s residential section. Over 90 percent of this building was destroyed in the 2003 Bam earthquake. The place was registered in Unesco World Heritage List in the same year.
Shah Ne’matollah Vali’s Tomb
Shah Ne’matollah Vali the celebrated poet and mystic and the founder of Ne’matollahi Sufi order in the 14th century is located to the southeast of the City of Kerman in a region called Mahan. Today, it is one of the most important Iranian mausoleums with a unique harmonization of architecture, garden arrangement, and spiritual serenity.
Kerman’s Congregation Mosque
This mosque was built by Amir Mobarez Ad-din Mohammad Mozaffar Meybodi in the 13th century CE. This mosque was known as Safavid congregational mosque during the Safavid dynasty. This is a remaining building from the time of the Al-e Buye dynasty. It has an asymmetric design with two summer and winter verandas- all covered with exquisite tile-work.
This heptagonal brick dome and the arches which are made of plaster and stone is located east of Kerman. This is a building from the Sassanid era, it looks like many other buildings made during the same period and has completely been renovated during the early Islamic era.
Shahzadeh Mahan Garden
This is a late Qajar garden located close to the Mahan area and consists of three major parts, the Shah Neshin building, the Sardar building, and a bath. The techniques of watering and the garden’s stair-like water reservoir are some of the wondrous features of this place.
Village of Meymand
This village is located near Shahr-e Babak. It has a unique architecture. There is a fortress in the village which is carved out of rock with an area of 400 square meters. It consists of three rooms with no chimney. The houses mostly have four or five floors as they are built on the steep valley of Meymand.
Ganj Ali Khan Bathhouse
This bath is located in Kerman City and consists of two parts, a dressing room, and a hothouse. Based on the symmetric architecture of stone columns, shelves, and platforms in the dressing room, a unique atmosphere has been created. The wonders of this ancient building lie in its system of water channels, fountains, and a stone which shows the time of using the sunlight. It has an area of 1380 square meters and is decorated beautifully with tilework, plasterwork, and arches.
The most important historical sites in Kerman Province include: old and new citadel (Arg) of the city of Bam, the castle of Samuran is in Jiroft. Bagh-e Sangi, is in Sirjan. Collections of literary work of Ganj Ali Khan, caravanserais of Chahar Sugh, Vakil, Mirza Ali Naghi, Lahaf Duz-Ha, Haj Mehdi, Hindu-Ha (Indians), Haj Agha Ali, schools of Ganjalli Khan, Hayati, Ibrahim Khan, Bazaars of Arg square, and old neighborhood of Darvazeh Vakil, Naseri, and Gonbadan Gate in Kerman and the archaeological ancient city of Jiroft is located south of Kerman.
The most important religious attractions of Kerman Province include the holy shrine of Imam Shah Soleyman, Mosque of Sabahi in Rafsanjan. Jame and Chehel Sotun (Forty Pillars) mosques in Kerman.
The countryside of Kabri, citrus and date orchards, the summer residence of Delfard and Darbe Behesht in Jiroft, springs of Hossein Abad, Ghasem Abad, Abadavaran in Rafsanjan. The mineral water spring in Sirjan. Summer residences of Mahan, Jopar, Rayen, Kuh Payeh, Mahan Park in Kerman.