The 26th World Heritage Site of Iran is “Uraman Cultural Landscape.” According to ISNA, following the review of the candidates for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List, the Uraman case from Iran received a positive vote from UNESCO and has been registered as the 26th World Heritage Site of Iran.
The Uraman Cultural Landscape is in the provinces of Kermanshah and Kurdistan, with about 409,000 hectares of land and territory. The ministry of Cultural Heritage of Iran sent the case to UNESCO last year.
In 2020, the ICOMOS Global Assessor conducted a field evaluation of the Uraman Cultural Landscape. Before the inception of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, ICOMOS experts initially believed that the case had a high chance of being inscribed on the World Heritage List. Finally, on Tuesday, July 28, 2021, the case was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List according to criteria 3 and 5.
Uraman or Uramanat is a historical region with stepped texture and unique customs. Sarvabad, Sanandaj, and Kamyaran cities in Kurdistan province and Ravansar, Paveh, Javanroud, and Thalas Babajani cities in Kermanshah province are parts of Uramanat. The central part of the Uraman Cultural Landscape includes the valleys of Zhawehrud, Uraman Takht, and Lahun.
This region has historical antiquity with ancient cultural backgrounds, customs, and cultural symbols. Each indicates the corners of the rich and prolific culture of this region. The history of settlement dates back to prehistoric times. Documents confirm the existence of Assyrian, Median, Achaemenid, and Greeks.
The stepped architecture of Uraman Takht and its spectacular houses have shaped the village into a pyramid.
This year, Iran succeeded in submitting two cases of the national railway (north-south section with 1400 km) and Uraman/ Uramanat to UNESCO.
Thus, with the Uraman Cultural Landscape, the number of Iranian world heritage sites reaches 26.