The first phase of the excavation project of Bushehr Historical Cemetery “Shoghab” was carried out to create a dynamic museum site and introduce the valuable heritage of the Persian Gulf coasts properly.
According to ISNA, the public relations of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Research Institute, Mostafa Dehpahlavan, the head of the archeological committee of this historical cemetery, said: Bushehr Historical Cemetery is in Bushehr with an area of about 5 hectares. The Sassanids are also known as the Elamite cemetery on the outskirts of Bushehr and Rishahr.
He added: “After the revolution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, archeologists have done limited studies and excavations in Shoghab cemetery. Professors Ismail Yaghmaei (1983), Ali Asghar Mirfatah (1990), Mehdi Rahbar (1997), and Ali Akbar Sarfaraz (2004). were the supervisors.”
The archaeologist said: “According to the excavation of Bushehr Historical Cemetery, three types of burials, including rectangular tombstones, rectangular pit tombs, and they have obtained torpedo pits in the east-west direction of this site, and according to the research done so far, all archaeologists agree.” Most of these burials are in the period from the end of the Parthian period to the end of the Sassanid period.
Dehpahlavan said: “According to various interpretations, first the body was in a rectangular tomb or rectangular holes.” A group of these graves was in rocky and coastal rocks made of oysters and sand with the local name of “Lumachel” or Bushehri. After decomposing the body, the bones were to torpedo jars, which are very common in maritime trade and coastal lands of southern Iran.
Parallel to the direction of Bushehr Historical Cemetery, and around it is buried among the layers of silt sand. In all of these tombs, the head of the corpse and even the mouth of the jars is to the west.
In some trenches, archeologists obtained specific evidence from this cemetery, which contains different burial styles and is common in this site.