Tehran Province in Iran
About Tehran Province
Tehran Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. Tehran is located to the north of the central plateau of Iran. This province was put as part of the First Region with its secretariat located in its capital city, Tehran, upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions alone for coordination and development purposes. It borders Mazandaran Province in the north, Qom Province in the south, Semnan Province in the east, and Alborz Province in the west.
The metropolis of Tehran is the capital city of the province and Iran. This Province is the richest province of Iran and it is the most industrialized province in Iran. The province gained importance when Tehran was claimed as the capital by the Qajar dynasty in 1778.
The Heart of Iran
Until 200 years ago on the foothills of the Alborz Mountains, there was a small, mild weather village that a few people had heard of, but this small village was selected as the capital city of the Qajar dynasty in the 18th and 19th centuries. From that time on, the world knew Tehran as the main center of Iranian politics and economy. Since then, many people have immigrated to Tehran and have made it a densely populated city. Although Tehran has been the capital city of Iran for only 200 years, the civilization of this city dates back to 7000 BC.
Sa’d Abad Cultural complex
This palace is located in the highest, farthest northern part of Tehran with mild weather conditions. It has an area of 400 hectares, of which 180 hectares have been made into a large garden with different species of flowers and trees. There are 14 buildings in the compound and many recreational facilities such as playgrounds, swimming pools, etc.
This is one of the most beautiful and oldest structures of Tehran which is the memorial citadel of history and governments. It was built by the order of king Tahmasb I of the Safavid dynasty in the 16th-century CE. It was restored by the order of Karim Khan of the Zand dynasty in the 18th century and the Qajar era was used as the settlement palace of the royal family. It consists of a marble throne, Karim Khani special room, a mirror hall, etc.
Museum of Ancient Iran
This museum with an area of 2744 square meters was built in 1935 in two years under the supervision of French architect Andrea Guedar. This is the first scientific museum of Iran and contains objects related to civilization and art of the pre-historic era, from the 6th millennium BC to the Islamic era. It is one of the most valuable and reputable museums in the world.
Museum of Contemporary Arts
The museum is located on north Kargar street next to Laleh Park. The architecture of the building combines traditional and modern styles. This museum, which opened to the public in 1977, has three floors, nine galleries with paintings by Pablo Picasso, Paul Gougen, Cloud Mouneh, and George Berg, a library, and an audio-visual department. In the garden, statues by Marino Marini, Parviz Tanavoli, Rene Margaret, Henry Moore, Alexander Calder, Max Bell, Alberto Jakoti, etc have been gathered. The museum also holds a large part of the illustrated Shahnameh Tahmasebi.
The structure in Shahr-e Rayy, which has a height of 20 meters, belongs to the Seljuk era. Most probably this tower is the tomb of Toghril I, the founder of the Seljuk dynasty. It was restored in the 18th century after many of its Kufic tablets and designs had been destroyed.
Varamin Congregational Mosque
The foundation of this mosque, which is the most important historical structure of the town of Varamin was made during the kingdom of Sultan Mohammad Khodabandeh and was completed during the kingdom of his son, Sultan Abu Saeed in the 12th century CE. It was reconstructed by Shahrokh Mirza, one of the kings of the Timurid era in the 13th century. The mosque consists of an entrance gate, a portal, arches, and the main part and includes decorations like tile work and tablets.
Cheshmeh Ali Spring
The spring is located in the south of Tehran and until 1940 people used it for swimming and washing. The civilization of this area dates back to 4000 BC. There are monuments from the Seljuk, Umavid, Abbasid, and Qajar dynasties there.
These two regions are located 30 and 35 km northeast of Tehran. They have a mild climate with numerous fruit gardens. other villages include Ahar, Shekarab, Lalun, Zaygun, Garmab Darreh, and Meygun which are located within the same region and make perfect weekend resorts.
Palaces of Saltanat-Abad, Golestan, Sorkheh Hesar, and Saheb-Gharaniyeh. Saltanat Abad, old schools of Dar ul-Fonun, and Marvi in Tehran. Fat’h-Ali-Shah caravanserai in Robat Karim, historical castles of Tabarak, Iraj, towers of Naghareh Khaneh, Toghrol tower, Harun ar-Rashid’s, and Gebri hill are in the city of Rayy. Zoroastrian Cemetery, Wooden bridge, and Shah Caravanserai are in Savejbelagh. Tanghwashi construction in Firuz-Kuh, the Sassanid palace of Soleymaniyeh and Ashkani Takht-e Rostam fire temple in Karaj, tower of Ala Uddowleh in Varamin.
The holy shrines of Emamzadeh Davud, Emamzadeh Saleh, Emam Abdullah, Emamzadeh Zayd, and old mosques of Imam Khomeini, Seyed Azizollah, Sepahsalar, and the holy shrine of Imam Khomeini in Tehran. The holy shrine of Hazrat Emamzadeh Abd ul- ’Azim, Mausoleum of Ibn Babevey. The holy shrine of Emamzadeh Hamzeh in the city of Rayy. The holy shrines of Emam Ja’far, Hossiniyeh Joestan, and the house of Ayatollah Taleghani in Savejbelagh. The holy shrine of Emamzadeh Ghasem is in Shemiran. The shrines of Emamzadeh Hashem and Jame’ Mosque are in Firuz-Kuh.
Lakes and dams, rivers, springs, waterfalls: Amir Kabir’s lake and dam is in Karaj. Lar lake and dam are in the Lar region in the city of Damavand. Lake Ahang is on the Firuz Kuh road and Lake Ziar on the Haraz road. Karaj, Jajrud, Lar, Habaleh, Abhar, and Taleghan . A’la in Damavand, Ghalae, Dokhtar, and Ab Ali, on the Haraz road, and hot springs of Larijan. Lar, in the La region in Damavand, twins in Shemiranat, Oshun in Darband area, Shakarab in Meygun region, and Yakh-Kooh waterfall in the Damavand that is one of the most famous historical falls in the world.
Mountains and Shelters, Ski Resorts, Caves:
Damavand is the highest mountain in Iran and is located in the northeast of Tehran. Tochal Peak in southern slopes of Alborz Mountain, peaks and shelters of Kolak Chal, shelters of Palang Chal, And Shir Pala. Darband–Sar, and Shemshak in the northeast of Tehran, Ab-Ali on the Haraz road, Dizin in Karaj, and Chalus road. Gol-zard, Rud Afshan, in Damavand, Bur-Nik in Damavand and, Firuz-Kuh road ,Yakh– Morad in Tehran Chalus road and Biuk-Agha in Kan Rud.